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Urbanization comprises photographs I made following the route along the Los Angeles River and consider what it gave birth to since its discovery in 1769.


The Aqueducts series depicts major lifelines created to sustain the ever-increasing number of inhabitants in the semi-arid region of Southern California.


The Agriculture series follows the water chain within the farming industry that has been a mainstay of the economy in California since the settlers first arrived.


This series of photographic images profiles the California Beef industry and is offered up to the viewer as an entree into one of the basic food groups.


The photographs depict the transfigured landscapes that host some of the extraction and production facilities of the oil and natural gas industry.


This series features active, reclaimed and abandoned mines and their saturated and seductive aesthetics that often mask toxic agents associated with mining.

Owens Lake

This series comprises images of a natural terminus, known as the Owens Lake, on whose Eastern shores still sits the little soda processing town of Keeler.

A Tale of Two Cities

This is the final installment of the Mulholland’s Gold project, which looks at two cities, Palm Springs and Salton City, that compete for water from the Colorado River.

Project Description

Mulholland’s Gold follows the water chain that evidences the large-scale manipulation of the natural terrain. Posited as signs of progress and technological achievements for the greater good of society, the various links combine to showcase the artificial treatment and subsequent destruction of the terrain. The project begins with the series, Urbanization, and ends with the series, A Tale of Two Cities. The title of the project references William Mulholland, the head of the Los Angeles City Water Department in 1913, who spearheaded one of the most ambitious industrial efforts known to man – bringing water to Los Angeles.

My focus and idea centered around Los Angeles, the city in which I resided. Los Angeles was the closest model in proximity whose urban expansion, ingenuity, politics, economics, development, growth and dependency have been so deeply mired in water, that without it, the city would not have transformed into a megalopolis that it is today.

The photographs in Mulholland’s Gold represent some of water’s spatial, industrial and cultural footprints, that have transfigured the natural landscape. These images however, do not tell the entire story as they are devoid of quantitative means by which to measure or depict other related aspects such as, the toxicity released into the air and groundwater, the destruction of natural ecosystems, or the loss of fresh water due to evaporation and outdated infrastructure.

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